Environmental labeling
Type I
Type II
Type III
Environmental Product Declaration, EPD
Sustainability Performance Indicators, SPI
Safety Data Sheet, SDS
Material declaration
Recycling description

Environmental labeling

The ISO (International Organization for Standardization) has developed standards for the following three types of environmental labeling programs. Information about EPD is also given in separate heading.

 

Type I Type II  Type III 
Labels 
Pass-or-fail criteria 
Any written or spoken environmental statement 
No third party verification 
No pass-or-fail criteria 
LCA based 
Third party verification 
No pass-or-fail criteria 
Examples:

  Registered trademark:

 

 

Comparison between type I, II and III labeling:

 

Type I

Environmental labeling

Type II

Self-declared environmental claims

Type III

Environmental declarations

Information

Qualitative

Qualitative / quantitative

Quantitative

Range

Special products

All products and services

All products and services

Quality check

Verification of eco-labeling body

None

Third-party certification

Receiver

Consumers

Consumers/ professional purchasers

Professional purchasers