Life Cycle Assessment, LCA
 
Environmental Risk Assessment, ERA
More about ERA
Examples
 
Life Cycle Cost, LCC
 
Eco-efficiency

Environmental Risk Assessment, ERA

Risk assessment provides a systematic procedure for predicting potential risks to human health or the environment. The aim of a chemical risk assessment is to investigate if a chemical is being used or can be used as intended without causing detrimental effects to human health or the environment.

An environmental risk assessment (ERA) is a process of predicting whether there may be a risk of adverse effects on the environment caused by a chemical substance. Environmental exposure concentrations of a chemical are predicted and compared to predicted no-effect concentrations for different environmental compartments.

ERA can also reveal if measures are needed to limit the potential environmental consequences of a substance, e.g. in a certain application, and it can point out if further testing and knowledge about a substance is needed. Basic principles of environmental risk assessment have been developed by the European Commission. For more information about ERA see European Chemicals Bureau (ECB) website, European Center for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals (ECETOC) and REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals).